pockmarks causes and solutions

Pockmarks: Causes and Solutions

Sep 15, 2023

Skin damage is an issue most people face at some point throughout their lives. Numerous external factors can affect the facial surface: from natural sun damage to bad habits – everything leaves its mark. Today, we would like to discuss a problem familiar to those familiar with acne – pockmark scars. This is one of the most common forms of skin depression, and it can be quite challenging to deal with if not taken under control on time.

Let’s dive deeper into this topic, try to understand the nature of pockmarks, discuss their leading causes, as well as helpful solutions able to provide smooth and flawless glass skin. Perfect skin is real, you just need to believe and try new things.

What Are Pockmarks: Let’s Explain the Problem

Before talking about pockmarks and treatments to get rid of those, let’s have a closer look at their nature and definition. The term pockmark describes hollowness on the skin, quite similar to scars. It forms in deeper skin layers when the top one is damaged and irritated for a long time. During the healing process, collagen is produced more actively, leaving marks in the scar tissue that don’t match the rest of the dermis. Scar appearance varies in size and color, so it may lead to uneven tone and texture, which is definitely not good for one’s looks.

There are three main types of pockmark scars:

  • Ice-pick scars. These typically occur in the form of small holes, narrow and deep;
  • Rolling scars. These broad marks are sunken depressions, their edges usually well-defined;
  • Boxcar scars. This type of scar is smooth and shallow. Skin seems uneven and depressed, and covering them with makeup may even be challenging.

Based on the type of scarring, the right treatment formula should be developed to enhance one’s appearance. To ensure it is right, finding an experienced medical professional is essential. They must check out a patient’s current skin condition, analyze the problem, and offer the solutions available for their situation. Multiple options can sometimes be used to find the most suitable procedure for evening skin texture.

The Main Causes of Pockmarks

Pockmarks are an issue practically any person with acne experiences. They can occur due to numerous reasons, but the main ones are the following:

  • Acne. If a person pops pimples all the time, they will probably face the consequences in the future. Even if the condition is treated with the help of topical products and medications, atrophic acne scars will remain. On top of that, people with severe acne scars will experience scarring despite how they acted when they had acne – pockmarks will develop if the problem lasts years;
  • Skin infections. Streptococcus or staphylococcus can cause skin inflammations if not disclosed on time;
  • Infectious diseases. Such conditions as smallpox or chickenpox can cause deep scars that are pretty challenging to remove later in life.

One of the most helpful things a person can do to prevent pockmarks is to stop picking their skin. This habit is damaging, as it is one of the main reasons for skin redness, scarring, and other imperfections. On top of that, treating acne is easier if you don’t touch your face, let it heal, and renew properly.

Pockmarks on the Face: How to Treat Them?

Now that we know and understand the core of the problem let’s talk about treatments that can help to renovate one’s skin tissue, make the facial surface more even, and fix its tone and texture. Remember, sometimes it’s hard to find the right option straight away, so a doctor’s assistance is always required. And don’t get disappointed too fast: if one thing doesn’t work for you, it means the correct procedure is right around the corner.

Dermal Fillers

If you want to get rid of pockmarks, dermal fillers can be excellent for deep scars. It doesn’t matter what substance is used in the product’s base: hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite, or other beneficial components. The main task of the injectable is to restore lost volume in the scarring area, boost collagen and elastin production, and deal with skin discoloration.

Some dermal fillers last for a year or some, while others can provide continuous improvement that lasts years. After a specialist picks the brand, a patient may understand the specifics of its work better. However, the possibility of adverse reactions is still present, so remember that allergic reactions, topical irritations, and skin sensitivity are still possible. At the end of the day, a doctor must always be aware of their patient’s conditions and recommend solutions if something goes wrong during the healing process.

Chemical Peeling

Chemical peels are perfect for individuals with deep scarring, prominent skin depressions, and the first hints of aging marks. During the treatment, a layer of a special skin acid is applied to the target region to remove the top layer of one’s dermis, revealing younger, healthier skin. Typically, doctors use such substances as pyruvic, salicylic, glycolic, or trichloroacetic acids. The most beneficial results can be achieved if the chemical peel is used regularly. Mind such side effects as skin redness, itching, and burning sensation after the treatment.

Microneedling

This procedure is also known as collagen induction therapy. To activate better elastin and collagen production, tiny needles are used to puncture the skin in the scarring zones. Thanks to that, wounds are healed quickly, and, as follows, pockmarks are filler as well. Dermatologists recommend scheduling follow-up treatments to reach the maximum results. Even though it sounds a little scary, the procedure is relatively easy and performed quickly. The worst patients typically experience after the session is redness and slight skin irritation, which is logical, as microneedling involves needles.

Dermabrasion

This one is quite similar to chemical peels. Dermatologist uses a rotating wired brush-like tool to gently peel off the top layer of the skin (also known as epidermis), as well as the middle one (dermis). This process helps make skin smooth and even, so that’s a perfect option for individuals needing deeper dermis heal. As always, a patient should be ready for the following adverse reactions: large pores, skin infection, fresh scarring, and blotchy skin. This procedure is more complicated than other options we have already mentioned, so it’s essential to ensure a qualified specialist knows all the essentials about this type of treatment.

Laser Resurfacing

Ablative laser resurfacing removes thin skin layers from the facial surface. This procedure is exceptionally delicate, and more than one session may be required to see a decent improvement. However, the effect lasts for several years without the need to schedule another treatment every year, so some people prefer to undergo all the troubles in the beginning to have better skin for the future.

Fractional Laser

This procedure is meant to burn the top layer of the skin to promote cell regeneration. As a result, pockmarks are healed together with the skin area undergoing treatment. After the session, people can expect high skin sensitivity, discoloration, redness, and swelling. These are natural, as the dermis needs time to recover after this process.

Home Remedies

pockmarks on the face

In case you are not ready for medical procedures, there are some home remedies that can be tried for pockmarks. Just remember that these are not as effective as the ones in the clinic, so the results cannot be too dramatic. So, consider these options:

  • Over-the-counter remedies. Try hydrating creams, serums, gentle peelings, enzyme powder, and other beneficial products. Consistency is key here, so create a schedule and incorporate new products gradually into your routine;
  • Facial massage. If used along with other treatments, massages can stimulate muscles, improve blood circulation, and help with the facial rejuvenation process;
  • Moisturizing oils and butter. Before trying this one, make sure you are not allergic to any components. Jojoba, olive, shea, rosehip seed oils, as well as cocoa butter, can be helpful for those dealing with pockmarks. However, the results are typically different for people based on their skin type, the severity of the problem, and some other essential factors, so this option may not be too helpful for some individuals.

The best way to receive maximum effect from home-based treatments is to talk to a cosmetologist about your conditions and ask about the best solutions for you. Together, it’s much easier to create a working formula.

Prepare Your Skin for the Changing Seasons with PDCosmetics! Discover the top 7 ways to get your skin ready for autumn and winter. Explore our expert skincare tips to maintain a radiant complexion year-round.

To Sum Up: Face Pockmarks Causes & Treatment

Pockmarks, also known as acne scars, typically occur in people with acne-prone skin. This condition can make skin texture rough and uneven, so even if a person has a good BB cream or foundation, they will still be noticeable. And even though it may seem like there is no hope, there is always a solution. Dermal fillers, microneedling, peelings, and other treatments can gradually decrease the level of damage in the target area; if a proper schedule is created by a specialist, the results can be achieved rather quickly. Be patient and find a reliable supplier you can trust – that’s the most efficient way to see the improvement!

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